Subtitles and Closed Captions
Hello, this is Gill at www.engvid.com , and today's lesson is all about one little word:
"out", which we use all the time, okay?
So, out, but also combined with other words to make a longer word, okay?
So, let's look at those first.
So, these are the word "out" and the extra bit added comes from a verb.
So, there are a lot of these words.
These are just a few examples, so let's have a look.
When something breaks out, an outbreak, it could be all sorts of things.
If people are in a prison and they break out of prison, you can say there has been an outbreak.
But also, metaphorically.
If everybody is catching an illness like some illness which you can catch from other people,
like measles or chicken pox, that sort of thing.
Or a cold, some sort of virus.
You can say there is an outbreak of that illness at the moment, everybody is catching it.
Like an epidemic is another word for that.
An outburst, burst is sort of a dramatic explosion.
But often, an outburst comes from a person who is angry and they start shouting and that
is the outburst, because of - they're being very loud and they're saying, probably, angry
So, that was an outburst.
We don't want that sort of behavior from people, that sort of outburst is not acceptable, that
And then, if you have someone who does that, they may become one of these - an outcast,
meaning someone who is thrown out, cast out, it means thrown out or just, you know, made
to leave or rejected in some way.
An outcast is someone who nobody wants to have anything to do with.
If there is a result of something, that is the outcome.
What was the outcome of the meeting?
What was the result of the meeting, okay?
An outcry is when people object to something which has happened.
They complain and they say that should not have happened, and they make a lot of trouble
There is an outcry if a politician decides to change something and nobody is happy with
Everybody's complaining, it's an outcry about that politician's decision, okay?
If something is outdated, it's sort of old fashioned.
It's not really relevant anymore, it's outdated.
It's from ten years ago, or 100 years ago.
A fashion, for example, could be outdated if people don't wear that style of clothes
anymore, it belongs to a previous period in history, it's outdated, okay?
To outdo somebody is to do better than them.
So, this is if you're competitive.
If you're trying to better than somebody else, you're trying to outdo them.
In sport, for example, people are always trying to win.
They don't want to be second, they want to win, so they have to outdo everybody else.
They have to be best at what they do, okay?
An outfit is something that you wear.
So, I'm wearing an outfit, a combination of clothes in an outfit, which fits - they fit,
They're not too big or too small, it means they fit.
If a person is outgoing, it means they're friendly and chatty and they talk to everybody.
They're nice to everyone, they're interested in other people.
They're not too shy, they're outgoing.
You can have an outlook - if you just look through a window to the outside of a building,
the outlook is what you see through the window.
But this can also be used metaphorically to mean the way you see things.
Your attitude to something, your outlook.
Whether you're a positive person or a negative person, for example.
If someone has a positive outlook on life, for example, they have an attitude which is
If you have two groups of people, maybe one group of people - there are ten people there,
and the other group, there are 20 people.
So, ten in one group, 20 in the other group.
So, the group of 20 outnumbers the group of ten.
It just means there are more, more people or more of whatever it is.
If you go somewhere and there may be a fight or something, and you might say, "We're outnumbered,
I'm not staying here to get beaten up.
I'm going, we're outnumbered.
We can't possibly fight these people.
There are more of them than there are of us.
Okay, so that's what that means.
Output means production, for example, from a factory.
The output from a factory.
How many items are produced in an hour or in a day or a week.
The things that you put out of the factory, you create them, you manufacture them and
And then finally on this column, an outing is when you go out somewhere for the day.
To the seaside, something like that.
We went for an outing yesterday to the seaside.
So just going out is an outing.
Right, so those are the words with verbs attached.
And now, we have a few phrases to look at.
So, if you speak out loud, or read out loud, or sometimes aloud, instead of out loud, it
It means you speak with your voice, or you read from a book.
You don't just read quietly to yourself, you read the words from the book, maybe for somebody
Speaking, of course, when you speak, you're using your voice.
But, if you speak very quietly, it's not really out loud.
But if you speak much more like this, it's speaking out loud.
So then, just simply, a night out is just going out for the night rather than staying
If you say before the week is out, it means before the week is finished, or before the
month is out, before the year is out.
So, before the end of whatever it is, week or month or year.
Before the week is out, we must hold that meeting with that customer before the week
We can't leave it any longer.
So, before the end of the week, it means.
So, then, if you're out in your calculations, you've done some figures, some calculations,
but you haven't calculated it correctly and the figures don't add up properly.
You're out in your calculations.
So, you have miscalculated, okay.
You have to recalculate, maybe use a calculator, a little machine, to do the figures for you,
to get it right, okay, if you're out.
If you do a test and you get 9 out of 10, you got nine answers right, but one was wrong.
You didn't get full marks, ten of out of ten is called full marks.
So, you got 9 out of 10, you didn't quite get full marks, which would be ten out of
Okay, and then, at home if you say, "Oh, we're out of milk", or we're out of bread, it means
Someone has to go out and buy some.
We're completely out of milk, okay.
And then the word "out" can be used in various sports, if it's the kind of sport where you
do something wrong, you make a mistake, and then you're out, you're finished, you can't
carry on playing, you can't continue playing.
So, in cricket, for example, if you want to look at our lesson on cricket and cricketing
In tennis, also, if you hit the ball and the ball is out, it means it's outside the court,
the tennis court, where the lines are drawn.
So, "out" is used in sport in different ways, usually when you've made a mistake, okay?
If something is out of date, it's a bit like what we had here, outdated.
That style of clothes is out of date.
It's old, old style, old fashioned.
And then finally, in this half of the lesson, outer space means - here's the planet Earth.
So, out here is the space.
There's the moon, maybe, that's the moon there.
All the space around in the universe is outer space.
It's out there, because we are here and the space is out there, so it's outer space, okay?
So, we'll move on now to the second part of the lesson and I have a test for you.
Okay, so here's the test for you.
Here are some sentences with some gaps and in the gap is a word that includes the word
"out", okay, which we covered in the first half of the lesson.
So, I'll just read these through first, and then we'll go back over it.
So: What was the ________ of yesterday's meeting?
You've got 10 __ __ 10 in that test!
To progress in life, you need to have a positive _________.
We enjoyed an ________ to the seaside last summer.
I've just checked the car and it's completely ____ ___ petrol!
Our new friend is a really kind, open, and ________ person.
I wasn't talking to myself, I was reading _____ _____.
Okay, so you probably have some ideas already for those gaps, so let's have a look.
So, what was the ______, this means the result of yesterday's meeting, what's the word beginning
"out" that means "result"?
So, what was the outcome, the outcome, the result of, okay?
The outcome of yesterday's meeting.
Okay, and then the test, you got full marks, well done.
You got 10 ___ __ 10 in that test.
So, "out" is one of them.
10 out of 10, okay, 10 out of 10, good.
Next one: To progress in life, you need to have a positive out - do you remember this
You need to have a positive outlook.
Next one: We enjoyed an ______ to the seaside last summer.
So, it obviously begins "out" - an outing, okay?
We enjoyed an outing, a trip to the seaside last summer.
Next one: I've just checked the car and it's completely ____ __ petrol!
Meaning there is no petrol in the car, so it's completely out of petrol.
Next one: Our new friend is a really kind, open, and _______ person.
So, obviously it begins "out".
What's the rest of the word?
If they're very kind, open, and outgoing person.
Outgoing, friendly, open, outgoing.
And then finally, somebody says, "Oh, you were talking to yourself, that's funny!"
And you say, "No, I wasn't.
I wasn't talking to myself, I was reading ____ ____."
I was reading out - do you remember the other word that goes with that?
Not reading quietly to yourself, but speaking the words from the book.
Okay, so I hope you enjoyed doing that test, and I hope the lesson has been useful for
If you'd like to go to the website www.engvid.com , there is a quiz there to test you on this,
and do leave some comments on there for me to read.
And thank you for watching, and hope to see you again soon.